“Our research investigates how regulatory information is encoded in DNA, how it is interpreted and how it is communicated across cells in multicellular organisms”
The development of complex organisms critically depends upon regulation of gene activity across dozens, hundreds or millions of cells in time and space. This regulation ensures the fidelity of development of complex structures and the overall function of the organism. Its disruption therefore often leads to disease.
We study gene regulation at the genomewide level using computational genomics and epigenomics. Our major research interests focus on:
- Structure and function of gene promoters
- Function and genomic distribution of gene regulatory elements
- Function of transcription factors
- Regulation of the production of transcription factors i.e. transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs)
- Association of different modes of regulation with epigenetic marks and their inheritance
Our recent work centres on the functional classification of core promoters, the development of methods to correctly assign regulatory elements to the genes they regulate, and the role of the epigenome in guiding development.
Promotor type and responsiveness to enhancers. Ldb1 complex binding around promotor genes involved in erythroid differentiation.
Haberle V, Forrest AR, Hayashizaki Y, Carninci P, Lenhard B (2015), CAGEr: precise TSS data retrieval and high-resolution promoterome mining for integrative analyses, Nucleic Acids Res: pii: gkv054. [Epub ahead of print]
Ing-Simmons E, Seitan VC, Faure AJ, Flicek P, Carroll T, Dekker J, Fisher AG, Lenhard B, Merkenschlager M (2015), Spatial enhancer clustering and regulation of enhancer-proximal genes by cohesin, Genome Res [Epub ahead of print]
Haberle, V., Li, N., Hadzhiev, Y., Plessy, C., Previti, C., Nepal, C., Gehrig, J., Dong, X., Akalin, A., Suzuki, A. M., van IJcken, W. F. J., Armant, O., Ferg, M., Strahle, U., Carninci, P., Muller, F., & Lenhard, B. (2014). Two independent transcription initiation codes overlap on vertebrate core promoters. Nature, 507(7492), 381–385.
Zuin, J., Franke, V., van Ijcken, W. F., van der Sloot, A., Krantz, I. D., van der Reijden, M. I., Nakato, R., Lenhard, B., & Wendt, K. S. (2014). A Cohesin-Independent role for NIPBL at promoters provides insights in CdLS. PLoS Genetics, 10(2).
Thongjuea, S., Stadhouders, R., Grosveld, F. G., Soler, E., & Lenhard, B. (2013). r3Cseq: an R/Bioconductor package for the discovery of long-range genomic interactions from chromosome conformation capture and next-generation sequencing data. Nucleic Acids Research, 41(13), e132.
Harmston, N., Barešić, A., & Lenhard, B. (2013). The mystery of extreme non-coding conservation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 368(1632), 20130021+.
Lenhard, B., Sandelin, A., & Carninci, P. (2012). Metazoan promoters: emerging characteristics and insights into transcriptional regulation. Nature Reviews Genetics, 13(4), 233–245.
Soler, E., Andrieu-Soler, C., de Boer, E., Bryne, J. C. C., Thongjuea, S., Stadhouders, R., Palstra, R.-J. J., Stevens, M., Kockx, C., van Ijcken, W., Hou, J., Steinhoff, C., Rijkers, E., Lenhard, B., & Grosveld, F. (2010). The genome-wide dynamics of the binding of ldb1 complexes during erythroid differentiation. Genes & Development, 24(3), 277–289.
Ragvin, A., Moro, E., Fredman, D., Navratilova, P., Drivenes, Ø., Engström, P. G., Alonso, M. E., de la Calle Mustienes, E., Skarmeta, J. L. G., Tavares, M. J., Casares, F., Manzanares, M., van Heyningen, V., Molven, A., Njølstad, P. R., Argenton, F., Lenhard, B., & Becker, T. S. (2010). Long-range gene regulation links genomic type 2 diabetes and obesity risk regions to HHEX, SOX4, and IRX3. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(2), 775–780.
Akalin, A., Fredman, D., Arner, E., Dong, X., Bryne, J., Suzuki, H., Daub, C., Hayashizaki, Y., & Lenhard, B. (2009). Transcriptional features of genomic regulatory blocks. Genome Biology, 10(4), R38+.